Heartbreak Description

In my experience, Depression is a long-term mental illness that affects a person's mood and behavior, which can create a loss of productivity, communication, and motivation in that person. Rachel FBS

Heartbreak Facts/Research

As described by the Mayo Clinic, "Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest."

Depression Statistics (DBS Alliance, 2016)

  • Major depressive disorder affects approximately 14.8 million American adults, or about 6.7 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older, in a given year. (Archives of General Psychiatry, 2005 Jun; 62(6): 617-27)
  • While major depressive disorder can develop at any age, the median age at onset is 32. (U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates by Demographic Characteristics, 2005)
  • Major depressive disorder is more prevalent in women than in men. (Journal of the American Medical Association, 2003; Jun 18; 289(23): 3095-105)
  • As many as one in 33 children and one in eight adolescents have clinical depression. (Center for Mental Health Services, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, 1996)
  • People with depression are four times more likely to develop a heart attack than those without a history of the illness. After a heart attack, they are at a significantly increased risk of death or second heart attack. (National Institute of Mental Health, 1998)

  • Cancer: 25% of cancer patients experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2002)
  • Strokes: 10-27% of post-stroke patients experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2002)
  • Heart attacks: 1 in 3 heart attack survivors experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2002)
  • HIV: 1 in 3 HIV patients may experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2002)
  • Parkinson's Disease: 50% of Parkinson's disease patients may experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2002)
  • Eating disorders: 50-75% of eating disorder patients (anorexia and bulimia) experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999)
  • Substance use: 27% of individuals with substance abuse disorders (both alcohol and other substances) experience depression. (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999)
  • Diabetes: 8.5-27% of persons with diabetes experience depression. (Rosen and Amador, 1996)

  • About six million people are affected by late life depression, but only 10% ever receive treatment. (Brown University Long Term Care Quarterly, 1997)
  • Fifteen to 20% of U.S. families are caring for an older relative. A survey of these adult caregivers found that 58% showed clinically significant depressive symptoms. (Family Caregiver Alliance, 1997)

  • Women experience depression at twice the rate of men. This 2:1 ratio exists regardless of racial or ethnic background or economic status. The lifetime prevalence of major depression is 20-26% for women and 8-12% for men. (Journal of the American Medical Association, 1996)
  • Postpartum mood changes can range from transient "blues" immediately following childbirth to an episode of major depression and even to severe, incapacitating, psychotic depression. Studies suggest that women who experience major depression after childbirth very often have had prior depressive episodes even though they may not have been diagnosed or treated. (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999)
  • Depression may increase a woman's risk for broken bones. The hip bone mineral density of women with a history of major depression was found to be 10-15% lower than normal for their age--so low that their risk of hip fracture increased by 40% over 10 years. (National Institute of Mental Health, 1999)

  • Major depressive disorder is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. for ages 15-44. (World Health Organization, 2004)
  • Major depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide among persons five and older. (World Health Organization, "Global Burden of Disease," 1996)
  • Depression ranks among the top three workplace issues, following only family crisis and stress. (Employee Assistance Professionals Association Survey, 1996)
  • Depression’s annual toll on U.S. businesses amounts to about $70 billion in medical expenditures, lost productivity and other costs. Depression accounts for close to $12 billion in lost workdays each year. Additionally, more than $11 billion in other costs accrue from decreased productivity due to symptoms that sap energy, affect work habits, cause problems with concentration, memory, and decision-making. (The Wall Street Journal, 2001, National Institute of Mental Health, 1999)

  • Depression is the cause of over two-thirds of the 30,000 reported suicides in the U.S. each year. (White House Conference on Mental Health, 1999)
  • For every two homicides committed in the United States, there are three suicides. The suicide rate for older adults is more than 50% higher than the rate for the nation as a whole. Up to two-thirds of older adult suicides are attributed to untreated or misdiagnosed depression. (American Society on Aging, 1998)
  • Untreated depression is the number one risk for suicide among youth. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15 to 24 year olds and the fourth leading cause of death in 10 to 14 year olds. Young males age 15 to 24 are at highest risk for suicide, with a ratio of males to females at 7:1. (American Association of Suicidology, 1996)
  • The death rate from suicide (11.3 per 100,000 population) remains higher than the death rate for chronic liver disease, Alzheimer’s, homicide, arteriosclerosis or hypertension. (Deaths: Final Data for 1998, Center for Disease Control)

  • Up to 80% of those treated for depression show an improvement in their symptoms generally within four to six weeks of beginning medication, psychotherapy, attending support groups or a combination of these treatments. (National Institute of Health, 1998)
  • Despite its high treatment success rate, nearly two out of three people suffering with depression do not actively seek nor receive proper treatment. (DBSA, 1996)
  • An estimated 50% of unsuccessful treatment for depression is due to medical non-compliance. Patients stop taking their medication too soon due to unacceptable side effects, financial factors, fears of addiction and/or short-term improvement of symptoms, leading them to believe that continuing treatment is unnecessary. (DBSA, 1999)
  • Participation in a DBSA patient-to-patient support group improved treatment compliance by almost 86% and reduced in-patient hospitalization. Support group participants are 86% more willing to take medication and cope with side effects. (DBSA, 1999)

  • Depression distorts your thinking. When you are depressed, your mind can play tricks on you. If you have thoughts of suicide, please call someone immediately. Don't let a temporary glitch in your thinking cause you to harm yourself or another.
  • Depression makes you selfish. It's very hard to think of other people when you're wrapped in a prickly blanket of sadness, and all you can think about is your own pain. Be proactive and take the steps you need to heal.
  • Depression is experienced as anxiety 65 percent of the time. Make sure you get an accurate diagnosis, so you can get the most effective treatment available.
  • Persistent irritability can be a symptom of depression. If the world, your life, or yourloved ones constantly tick you off, the cause might be something that's going on inside of you.
  • Chronic pain can be another symptom of depression. At the same time, being in continual discomfort can cause you to become depressed. When you are depressed and in pain, it can be hard to know which came first.
  • Alcohol is a depressant. So are marijuana and a host of other recreational or street drugs. Self-medication is not going to get you better and will surely make you worse over time. Remember that all medications, including anti-depressants, have side effects.
  • People don't choose to be depressed, but they do make a choice about how to deal with it. You can choose to do nothing, but denying that you have a problem will only make you feel worse.
  • The origin of depression can be situational and/or bio-chemical. If you are experiencing mild to moderate situational depression (resulting from the loss of a job, for example), counseling will help you. Most bio-chemical depressions that are moderate to severe are best treated with a combination of medicine and psychotherapy.
  • Depression can be as hard on your loved ones as it is on you. Those closest to you may start to feel unloved, and may distance themselves so they aren't pulled into your pain. Remember that others are counting on you.
  • Exercise is the easiest and least expensive cure for depression. Just walking 30 minutes a day will help you and sometimes completely alleviate your symptoms. For this very reason, many therapists take walks with clients instead of doing "couch time."

Depression Types (webMD, 2016)

There are a variety of different types of depression, such as major depression, persistent depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, seasonal affective disorder, psychotic depression, postpartum depression, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, situational depression, atypical depression.

Major Depression
You may hear your doctor call this "major depressive disorder." You might have this type if you feel depressed most of the time for most days of the week.
Some other symptoms you might have are: loss of interest or pleasure in your activities, weight loss or gain, Trouble getting to sleep or feeling sleepy during the day, feelings of being "sped up" or "slowed down", being tired and without energy, feeling worthless or guilty, trouble concentrating or making decisions, or thoughts of suicide. Your doctor might diagnose you with major depression if you have five or more of these symptoms on most days for 2 weeks or longer. At least one of the symptoms must be a depressed mood or loss of interest in activities.

Persistent Depressive Disorder
If you have depression that lasts for 2 years or longer, it's called persistent depressive disorder. It used to be known as dysthymia.
You may have symptoms such as: change in your appetite (not eating enough or overeating), sleep too much or too little, lack of energy, or fatigue, low self-esteem, trouble concentrating or making decisions, feel hopeless. You may be treated with psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two.

Bipolar Disorder
Someone with bipolar disorder, which used to be called "manic depression," has mood episodes that range from extremes of high energy with an "up" mood to low "depressive" periods.
When you're in the low phase, you'll have the symptoms of major depression. Medication can help bring your mood swings under control. Whether you're in a high or a low period, your doctor may suggest a mood stabilizer, such as lithium. The FDA has approved three medicines to treat the depressed phase: Seroquel, Latuda, and Olanzapine-fluoxetine combination.
Doctors sometimes prescribe other drugs, such as lamotrigine.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder is a period of major depression that most often happens during the winter months, when the days grow short and you get less and less sunlight.
If you have SAD, antidepressants can help and so can light therapy. You'll need to sit in front of a special bright light box for about 15-30 minutes each day.

Psychotic Depression
People with psychotic depression have the symptoms of major depression along with "psychotic" symptoms, such as: hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren't there), delusions (false beliefs), or paranoia (wrongly believing that others are trying to harm you). A combination of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs can treat psychotic depression.

Postpartum Depression
Women who have major depression in the weeks and months after childbirth may have postpartum depression. Antidepressant drugs can help.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Women with PMDD have depression and other symptoms at the start of their period.
Besides feeling depressed, you may also have: mood swings, irritability, anxiety, trouble concentrating, fatigue, change in appetite or sleep habits, or feelings of being overwhelmed. Antidepressant medication or sometimes oral contraceptives can treat PMDD.

'Situational' Depression
This isn't a technical term in psychiatry. But you can have a depressed mood when you're having trouble managing a stressful event in your life, such as a death in your family, a divorce, or losing your job. Your doctor may call this "stress response syndrome." Psychotherapy can often help you get through a period of depression that's related to a stressful situation.

Atypical Depression
This type is different than the persistent sadness of typical depression. If you have atypical depression, a positive event can temporarily improve your mood.
Other symptoms of atypical depression include: increased appetite, sleeping more than usual, feeling of heaviness in your arms and legs, and oversensitive to criticism. Antidepressants can help. Your doctor may suggest a type called SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor). She may also recommend an older type of antidepressant called a MAOI (monoamine oxidase inhibitor).

Symptoms (Mayo Clinic, 2016)

Symptoms of depression include; feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness, angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matter, loss of interest or pleasure in all normal activities, sleep disturbances (oversleeping or insomnia), tiredness and lack of energy, changes in appetite, anxiety, agitation or restlessness, slowed thinking, speaking, or body movements, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions, and remembering things, frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide, unexplained physical problems, such as back pain or headaches, in which during an episode of depression, symptoms occur most of the day, nearly every day. Depression symptoms vary from younger children to teens and to adults, but are often very similar.

Why does this break your heart?

This topic breaks my heart because I know some close friends who have dealt with depression and suicide. It kills me to know that such amazing people could think they're worthless enough to kill themselves. I feel like everyone deserves to know they matter in this world. Lindsey FBS
Depression breaks my heart because I've personally experienced it within my family, and many of my family members have struggled because of it. Rachel FBS
This topic breaks my heart because I know people who suffer with depression and its heartbreaking to see. I also know somebody who has lost a family member to suicide. Amanda WHS
This breaks my heart because I can't even imagine what people with depression go through every single day and how they are struggling to keep going through life with this massive weight on their shoulders. It breaks my heart knowing there are people out there who go through this. Anna FBS

Why should other people care about this heartbreak?

Other people shoulder care about this heartbreak because it is often undetectable in others, and it could be affecting their loved ones without their knowing. It also causes unhealthy behavior and thoughts, such as suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts.

It's also important that others recognize this heartbreak and care about those who suffer from depression because a large part about recovering or trying to help someone with this mental illness is to understand them and be there for them.

App Names

1)Help line Bling
3)Self Help
6)Fighting for Lives
7)Not Alone
8)Depressed but Well Dressed
9)Remain Strong
10)Strong for too long
11)You Matter
12)Don't Worry, Be Happy
13)Love Yourself
14)It's Gonna Be Alright
15) Helpbox
16) Help chat
17) Talk about it
18) Youlove
19)Don't Give Up
20)Together We're Stronger

App Features

1) I think for an app feature we should make like a help line when people can
talk to other people who have experienced the same thing as them or they can talk to a professional to help them.

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Heartbreak Creations

Students Mapping this Heartbreak

RachelT FBS (Moving to Mental Illness)

Amanda WHS(moving to self harm)

Anna FBS